Methodology for the Performance Evaluation of Airspace Use by Military Aviation


Aviation safety
civil-military dimension
mission effectiveness
performance indicators
performance targets

How to Cite

Markiewicz, T. (2022). Methodology for the Performance Evaluation of Airspace Use by Military Aviation. Safety & Defense, 8(2), 9-17.


This paper aims to present the evolution of methods for measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of flexible use of airspace by military aviation in terms of the air navigation services performance scheme in European Union countries. Airspace management, which is a part of air traffic management, takes into account the operational needs of civil and military aviation without favouring either of them. However, some military aviation operations cannot be safely interconnected with civil aviation operations as they differ in nature and purpose. There is, therefore, a requirement to set aside airspace for exclusive military use to accommodate such operations. Military aviation must also use airspace in the most efficient and effective manner when conducting its operations. The existing situation provides a rationale for improving the methodology for assessing the efficiency of airspace use by military aviation, regardless of the requirements of the performance scheme for air navigation services intended for civil aviation. This article reviews the development of performance assessment methodologies in the field in question. The findings show considerable variation in the methods used, suggesting the need to establish standard procedures for collecting and processing performance data related to airspace used by military aviation.


Baumgartner, M., & Finger, M. (2014). The single European sky gridlock: A difficult 10-year reform process. Utilities Policy 31: 289-301.

Calleja Crespo, D., & Mendes de Leon, P. (2011). Achieving the Single European Sky. Goals and Challenges, Wolters Kluwer 2011.

Commission Regulation (EU) No 691/2010 of 29 July 2010 laying down a perfor-mance scheme for air navigation services and network functions and amending Regu-lation (EC) No 2096/2005 laying down common requirements for the provision of air navigation services (OJ EU L 201/1, 3.8.2010).

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 390/2013 of 3 May 2013 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation services and network functions (OJ EU L 128/1, 9.5.2013).

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/317 of 11 February 2019 laying down a performance and charging scheme in the single European sky and repealing Implementing Regulations (EU) No 390/2013 and (EU) No 391/2013 (OJ EU L 56/1, 25.2.2019).

Cook, A., (2007). European air traffic management: Principles, practice and re-search. Taylor & Francis Ltd. England 2007.

Eurocontrol, Status of Civil-Military Co-ordination in Air Traffic Management. Phase I – Fact-finding. Report. Eurocontrol, October 2001.

Eurocontrol Military Key Performance Indicators Handbook. Edition 1.0, February 2009.

Eurocontrol Specification for the Application of the Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA). Eurocontrol Document, Eurocontrol - SPEC - 0112. Edition 1.1., 10 January 2009.

Eurocontrol, Civil-Military ATM Performance Framework, Edition 1.0, Eurocontrol, February 2015.

Feasibility Study for Eurocontrol into the Use of Key Performance Indicators in a Military Context. February 2004.

ICAO, Manual on Global Performance of the Air Navigation Service. ICAO Doc 9883, first edition 2009.

Motyka, A., & Njoya, E. (2020). Single European Sky: The progress so far. Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management, São José dos Campos, v12 e3920, 2020.

Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the single European sky (OJ EU L 96/1, 31.3.2004).

Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 amending Regulations (EC) No 549/2004, (EC) No 550/2004, (EC) No 551/2004 and (EC) No 552/2004 in order to improve the performance and sustaina-bility of the European aviation system (OJ EU L 300/34, 14.11.2009).

Van Houtte, B. (2004). The Single European Sky: EU Reform of Air Traffic Man-agement. Common Market Law Review 41/2004.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.