Features of Piling and Their Interaction with Soil


safety engineering
structural safety

How to Cite

NIKITENKO, M. I., & SANI, B. M. (2019). Features of Piling and Their Interaction with Soil. Safety & Defense, 5(1), 20-30. https://doi.org/10.37105/sd.38


In Belarussian geotechnical practice, there are often problems in the design, installation and testing of piles. These problems arise from incorrect knowledge of how piles interact with different soils. In this article, the authors propose solutions to such problems for improving the efficiency of pile foundations. The practical experience accumulated in the Republic of Belarus can also be useful for Iran and Iraq, where similar ground conditions occur during construction.



[1] TKP 45-5.01-45-2006 (02250). “Foundations and underground structures, constructed with the use of jet grouting technology”. Design
rules and devices. – Minarchstruc RB. – Minsk., 2006.
[2] TKP 45-5.01-254-2012 “Bases and foundations of buildings and structures. The basic rules construction standards of designing.”
– Minarchstruc RB.– Мinsk. 2013.
[3] Guidance П2-2000 to building codes CNB 5.01.01-99. “Design of driven and cast-in-plase piles according to the results of ground
sounding.”– Minarchstruc RB.– Мinsk., 2001.
[4] Guidance P 13-01 to building codes CNB 5.01.01-99 “Design and construction of bored piles” – Minsk 2002.
[5] Guidance P 14-01 to building codes CNB 5.01.01-99. “Design and organize the pile and wall in trench.”– Minarchstruc RB. – Minsk.,
[6] Guidance P 18-04 to building codes CNB 5.01.01-99. “Designing and construction of injection anchor and piles.”– Minarchstruc RB.– Мinsk., 2005.
[7] Guidance P 19-04 to building codes CNB 5.01.01-99. “Designing and construction of foundations formed from cast in place piles with compacted base.” – Minarchstruc RB.– Мinsk., 2006.
[8] CTB 2242-2011. Soil Fiеld tеst mеthоds bу рilеs. – Minarchstruc. – Minsk., 2012.
[9] Akhverdov I.N. Temporary instructive instructions for separate concreting of massive structures. – Rustavi, 1952.
[10] VSN-261-74 / Minmontazhspetsstroy USSR. Instructions on the vibratory laying of concrete under water by the VAP method. – M.,
[11] Grutman, M.S. Pile foundations / MS Grutman // Budivelnik. – Kiev, 1969.
[12] Lal Sudhir Kumar, Injection hardening of the foundations of drilling pile injectors: dis. cand. tech. Sciences: 06.01.02, 05.23.02 / Lal Sudhir
kumar; Bel. state. polytechnical. acad. – Minsk, 1993.
[13] Lapshin, F.K. Calculation of the bases of single piles on a vertical load: dis.... Doct. tech. Sciences: 05.23.02 / F.K. Lapshin; Saratov.
polytechnical. in-t. – Saratov: publishing house of the Saratov University, 1987.
[14] Mohammad, H.M. Buroinjection hardening of the foundations of buildings and structures under reconstruction: dis.... cand. tech.
Sciences: 05. 23.02 / H.M. Mohammad. BSPA. – Minsk, 1998. – 196 with.
[15] Nikitenko, MI Modern geotechnical technologies in construction and reconstruction in Belarus / MI Nikitenko // Building science and engineering. – No. 4 (7). – Minsk, 2006.
[16] Nikitenko, M.I. Grouted bored anchors and piles for the erection and reconstruction of buildings and structures: monograph / M.I. Nikitenko. – Minsk: BNTU, 2007.
[17] Nikitenko, M.I. Methods for determining the bearing capacity of bored piles using CFA technology. Nikitenko, S.B. Moradi, N.V. Chernosha // Building science and technology. – 2008. – No. 1 (34).
[18] Nikitenko, MI Some Problems of Pile Foundations in the Geotechnical Practice of Belarus / MI Nikitenko, V. Yu. Zhuravsky // Building Science and Engineering.- Minsk, 2008. – No. 4 (19).
[19] Nikitenko, M. Use of polymer mixtures for soil stabilization in the bases of local highways during their reconstruction, repair and maintenance / M. Nikitenko, I. Boiko // Architecture and construction.– Minsk, 2018. – No. 1.
[20] Nikitenko, MI Jet technology in the geotechnical practice of Belarus / M.I. Nikitenko, AA Klyuyko // Geotechnics: Actual Theor. and practical problems: intercollegiate thematic collection. SPbGASU. – St. Petersburg, 2006.
[21] LLC “Geopolymer” is the official licensee of URETEK technology in the Republic of Belarus. https: / uretecbelarus.com.
[22] Baryłka, A. (2017) „Issue of building structures necessary for the purposes of state security and defence in the provisions of the act
– on spatial planning and development.” IBOA 2.
[23] Baryłka A., Periodic inspections of building objects in the process of their operation. Wyd. 2, Expertise Center Building, Warsaw, 2018.
[24] Baryłka A, Construction expert’s guide. Part 1, Technical and legal problems in the diagnosis of construction works, Expertise Center Building, Warsaw, 2018.
[25] Nikitenko, M.I. Prediction of bearing capacity of vibrated cast in place’s piles under dynamic load tests / M.I. Nikitenko, B.Moradi Sani // Vplyv vody na geotechnicke konstrukcie/ Zbornik 11. Slovenskej geotechnickej konferencie. – 3.a 4 Juna 2013, Bratislava, Slovenska republika.
[26] Nikitenko, M.I. New technologies of pile apparatus and their test in ground conditions of Belarus/ I.L.Boiko, B.Moradi Sani, N.V.Chernoshey / New technologies of pile apparatus and their test in ground conditions of Belarus // Baltic piling: Proc. Of the conf. on Baltic Piling dais 2012. Tallinn, Estonia// CRC Press/ Balkema. 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, London.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.