The starting point of the paper is the recognition of the growing threat of cyber-attacks to commercial maritime. Constantly growing dependency on technology has obvious advantages, on the other hand, however, it makes commercial maritime vessels progressively more vulnerable to cyber-crime, including GPS signal interference, malware attacks or even gaining control over ships’ systems and networks. The main objective of the paper is to present and discuss the Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships developed by the International Maritime Organization, including best practices for implementation of cyber risk management. The article’s goal is to summarize the guidelines and to familiarize the reader with the reasons why and the methods how they should be implemented. The paper is concluded with an example how the Guidelines can be adopted by national authorities, i.e., a brief presentation of “Code of Practice: Cyber Security for Ships” – a document developed by the British government that transposes the IMO guidelines.
Jones, K.D., Tam, K., Papadaki, M. (2016). Threats and Impacts in Maritime Cyber Security. Engineering & Technology Reference,
, doi: 10.1049/etr.2015.0123.
BIMKO et al. (2018). The Guidelines On Cyber Security Onboard Ships, Version 3, retrieved from: https://iumi.com/uploads/2018-Cyber_
MSC FAL.1/Circ. 3. [International Maritime Organization] (2017). Guidelines on Maritime Cyber Risk Management (5 July 2017),
retrieved from: http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Security/Guide_to_ Maritime_Security/Documents/MSC-FAL.1-Circ.3%20-%20Guidelines%
DfT. [Department of Transport] (2017). Code of Practice: Cyber Security for Ships, retrieved from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/
government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/642598/ cyber-security-code-of-practice-for-ships.pdf (16.06.2019.).
UT Media. (2013). UT Austin Researchers Successfully Spoof an $80 million Yacht at Sea (29 July 2013), retrieved from: https://news. utexas.edu/2013/07/29/ut-austin-researchers-successfully-spoofan-80-million-yacht-at-sea/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.