Poland’s Accession to NATO Considering “Partnership for Peace” and the U.S. Perspective


Partnership for Peace
foreign policy

How to Cite

Gergelewicz, T. (2020). Poland’s Accession to NATO Considering “Partnership for Peace” and the U.S. Perspective . Safety & Defense, 6(2), 12-20. https://doi.org/10.37105/sd.81


The accession of Poland to the group of NATO member states was undoubtedly one of the milestones in the modern history of the country and in the direction of strengthening security in the international arena. The whole process was conditioned by various types of determinants: technological, organizational, political and ideological (Kupiecki, 2016). Many publications have been dedicated to Poland's accession to NATO and its later role among the allied members. Nevertheless, there is a lack of particular studies in the professional literature that presents a detailed chronology of Polish pre-accession activities and the diverse opinions of the US administration regarding the enlargement of NATO with new member states recruiting from the former Warsaw Pact. This gap in available literature was a trigger for writing this article with the purpose to present the undertakings of Poland aimed at accession to NATO in the aspect of “Partnership for Peace” and the US point of view. In the research process, two basic methods were employed: analysis and synthesis. The method of analysis was used in relation to the verification of collected literature, normative acts and documents on international security. The method of synthesis was applied for conclusions. The undertaken research on the topic proved that without consistent actions and initiatives conducted by Poland in the international area and without the support of the US, joining NATO would be highly difficult or even impossible. At the same time, a detailed analysis highlighted that the accession of Poland to NATO was and still is mutually and beneficial for Warsaw and Washington.



Act of 17 February 1999 r. on the ratification of the North Atlantic Treaty, issued in Washington on 4 April 1949 r. (Journal of Laws 1999 no. 13, item 111).

Apanowicz, J. (2002). Metodologia Ogólna. Gdynia: Bernardinum.

Asmus, R. (2008). Europe's eastern promise: Rethinking NATO and EU enlargement. Washington: Council on Foreign Relations.

Asmus, R. (2008). NATO Enlargement and Effectiveness, Testimony Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Available online https://www.foreign.senate.gov/publications/download/testimony-of-ronald-d-asmus-re-nato-enlargement-and-effectiveness, 13.05.2020.

Asmus, R. (2002). NATO – otwarcie drzwi, Warszawa: MUZA SA.

Congress. (1995). National Security Revitalization Act. Retrieved from

https://www.congress.gov/congressional-report/104th-congress/house-report/18/2 (1995-1996), 16.05.2020.

Encyclopedia Britannica. 20th-century international relations, The Role of NATO, Available online https://www.britannica.com/topic/20th-century-international-relations-2085155/The-role-of-NATO, 13.05.2020.

Hansen, H. (1995). Training and Exercises for Partnership for Peace. Part One, XIIth NATO Workshop On Political-Military Decision Making, Dresden, Germany. Available online https://www.csdr.org/95Book/95Workshop.htm, 7.05.2020.

Kaczmarek, J., Skrzyp, J. (2003). NATO. Wrocław: atla 2.

Kupiecki, R. (2019). NATO w polskiej perspektywie 1989-2019. Warszawa: Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych.

Kupiecki, R. (2019). Okiem Stratega i dyplomaty: Stosunki polsko-amerykańskie po 1918 r. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

Kupiecki, R. (2016). Organizacja Traktatu Północnoatlantyckiego. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych.

Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (MON), (2019). Trochę historii. Retrieved from https://archiwum2019.mon.gov.pl/polska-w-nato/droga-do-nato/troche-historii-o2017-06-28/, 02.05.2020.

Mozol, (2016). 28th June 1991. Disintegration of the MEAC and dissolution of the Warsaw Pact. Retrieved from http://mozol.pl/28-czerwca-1991-rozpad-rwpg-i-rozwiazanie-ukladu-warszawskiego, 22.05.2020.

NATO, (1997). Madrid Declaration on Euro-Atlantic Security and Cooperation. 8.07.1997. Available online

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_25460.htm?mode=pressrelease, 3.04.2020.

NATO, (2020). NSIP in Nutshell. Retrieved from https://act.nato.int/images/stories/structure/nsip/nsip_nutshell_1.pdf, 24.05.2020.

NATO. (1994). Partnership for Peace: Framework Document. Retrieved from https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_24469.htm, 25.04.2020.

NATO. (1949). The North Atlantic Treaty. Retrieved from https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_17120.htm?selectedLocale=p, 25.04.2020.

Okoński, Z. (1995). Partnership for Peace: An Essential Element of the European Security System. Part Four, XIIth NATO Workshop On Political-Military Decision Making, Dresden, Germany. Available online https://www.csdr.org/95Book/95Workshop.htm, 7.05.2020.

Pacuła, P. (2007) US w organizacjach międzynarodowych. Kwartalnik Bezpieczeństwo Narodowe. 5(6). pp. 239-242.

Pawlikowska, I. (2006). Koncepcje bezpieczeństwa państw Europy Środkowej po 1989 roku. Toruń: Mado.

Sejm RP, (2019). 20th Anniversary of Poland’s NATO membership. The role of the Sejm in the accession process. Retrieved from http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm8.nsf/komunikat.xsp?documentId=088D84288D0A16D1C12583BA00326C4D

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.