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Author Guidelines

Journal Description

Safety and Defense is an online journal that is published twice a year. It is dedicated to publishing research papers in the area of broadly understood safety and security studies. And although the main focus is given to military aspects of the latter, we are open to multi- and interdisciplinary findings from all scientific disciplines and their various and unique perspectives on safety and security. More information on the journal’s aims and scope can be found in the About the Journal section.   

We are strongly committed to good quality of research, research presentation, and transparency. All the submitted papers go through a precisely defined and thorough editorial process that is based on the double-blind peer-review procedure. We put a lot of effort into cooperating with reviewers who are specialists in their fields. In order to ensure high quality, each paper accepted for publication is proofread by a professional language editor before publication. The details on our submission and paper handling procedure can be found in the Editorial Process section.

Safety and Defense is an open access journal. We also recommend our authors to publish the collected and compiled data independently (e.g., in the form of measurement summaries, graphs, surveys, photographs) in open access research data databases.

More details on our publishing ethics, complaints and appeals procedure, conflict of interest management, intellectual property and plagiarism regulations, and post-publication corrections can be found in the Code of Ethics section.

Manuscript preparation

  • The submitted manuscript must contain the following elements: abstract, keywords, introduction, main text, acknowledgments (if any), declaration of interest statement, references; appendices (if any).
  • It should be between 20,000 and 35,000 characters with spaces, inclusive of the abstract, footnotes, references, and appendices.
  • It has to include an unstructured abstract of 100 to 300 words and should contain between 3 and 6 keywords (at least one of which should be “safety” or “defense”).
  • It has to be written in American English.
  • The manuscript has to be submitted in MS Word format.
  • All the requirements regarding formatting the text are given in the template that should be downloaded and used for manuscript preparation. Please, remember that only papers formatted according to the guidelines will be accepted for processing.
  • References have to be formatted in accordance with the APA 7 Style (examples of in-text citations and reference list entries are also given in the journal’s template).
  • Please, check the list of the most frequent editorial mistakes and make sure that the manuscript is properly formatted.


Safety & Defense uses OJS/PKP platform to manage the submission process. A manuscript can be sent to the journal only via the webpage in the electronic version. In order to initiate the submission process of your paper, please click the bar at the top of the page.

Manuscript processing

All the information regarding manuscript processing, including the workflow, can be found in the Editorial Process section. The details on the post-publication procedure and ethical oversight are in the Code of Ethics section.

For each publication, the journal charges the fee of 1,500 PLN, which must be transferred after there are two positive double-blind reviews. The fee should be sent to the following account:

ul. Obozowa 82A/19, 01-434 Warszawa
NIP: 5222999194

Account number:

PL15 1050 1012 1000 0090 8059 3545 


We issue VAT invoices on request.

Professional language proofreading, once the paper is reviewed, is a part of the editorial process. And although all the language corrections have to be accepted by the authors, the journal’s editors maintain the right to introduce necessary alterations like editorial changes, spelling, and correcting stylistic errors.

Editorial rejection

In order to speed up the editorial process, we have adopted an editorial rejection procedure. At this stage, a manuscript can be sent back to the authors if it does not meet either formal or subject-matter requirements of Safety & Defense.

Formal requirements and editorial guidelines are given in detail in the Instructions for Authors, the journal’s template, and the submission checklist. Any deviation from the requirements will result in a certain and unconditional rejection of the manuscript. The same applies if the paper is written in poor English.

If the submitted manuscript fulfills the formal requirements, the Editor-In-Chief makes the decision to process it further. At this stage, the paper can be rejected if it does not fit the scope of the journal, has no sufficient scientific merit, contains serious subject-matter errors, or relies on too few or obsolete scientific sources. If there are any doubts about any of the above, the Editor-In-Chief consults one of our Managing Editors who have knowledge of the scientific area of the paper. The final decision is proceeded with in-depth internal discussion and ultimately made by the Editor-In-Chief.

The journal's policy is not to publish one author's work more than once a year.

This decision is not subject to appeal but the authors may issue a complaint if they believe the decision was biased or a result of an error. More information on the procedure can be found in the Code of Ethics section.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The author(s’) required data, i.e., email address, affiliation, ORCID are included under the title of the manuscript;
  • Abstract of 100 to 300 words is included and it states the goal, research methods, and main assumptions (results) of the paper;
  • The key words include either the words “safety” or “defense;”
  • The whole manuscript is not shorter than 20,000 and not longer than 35,000 characters with spaces;
  • The text is justified and formatted according to the requirements defined in the template;
  • Tables, figures, and formulas are formatted according to the requirements defined in the template and are properly numbered;
  • The references in the main body of the text are formatted according to the APA 7th Edition;
  • The manuscript refers to at least two papers or books indexed by SCOPUS (these sources should be ‘bolded’ in the references list);
  • The references list is a coherently numbered and alphabetically ordered and not divided into monographies, papers, legal documents;
  • The DOI numbers of the quoted/referred to papers, if available, should be included in the references list.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses given during the submission process will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. More details about the journal's privacy standards can be found in the Privacy Statement section.